Genel · Reflection

Technology and Education

There are many definitions of the term “technology”. Technology is a rational discipline designed to assure the mastery of man over physical nature, through the application of scientifically determined laws. There are considerable number of writings that discuss technological inventions that affect education. If we view the ecology of education as the web of relationships between and among learners, teachers, and the environment in which they operate, then it becomes apparent that these relationships are large defined by the prevailing technology of instruction. If technology is related to the education, we need to define the “educational technology”. It is concerned with the overall methodology and set of techniques employed in the application of instructional principles. A term often used interchangeably with educational technology, instructional technology. Instructional technology is an effort with or without machines, available or utilized, to manipulate the environment of individuals in the hope of generating a change in behavior or other learning outcome. The systematic application of strategies and techniques derived from behavior and physical sciences, concepts and other knowledge to the solution of instructional problems. In discussing technology and change, Block further tells us, “It’s tempting to speculate about the new World that we see coming into reality in the next few years; whole libraries available on a handful of vdeodiscs, students of all ages learning at home through microcomputers lnked by phone with vast educational data bases, instant Access by satelite to an unlimited variety of televised information. But I, like many of the other contributors believe that we have learned that those fundamental changes will cme to realization, in most cases, only in a gradual and often evolutionary way rather than b y some instantaneous sea change. Educational institutions, and those within them who learn, and tech, and administer, need time and experience to incorporate new ways of learnng into their individual, social and economic patterns of behavor.”

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