Diffusion of Innovations wants to explain how innovations are taken up in a population. An innovation can be an idea, behaviour, or object that is seem as new by its audience. It offers three valuable insights into the process of social change: What qualities make an innovation spread, the importance of peer-peer conversations, and peer… Continue reading A Summary of Diffusion of Innovations, Les Robinson
ANSWERS: 1) Firstly, concrete referent for ideas are provided by visuals. Words do not usually look/sound like the thing they stand for, to the thing they represent. Visuals can also motivate learners by attracting them to the subject, holding their attention, and generating emotional responses . Visuals can simplify information that is hard to understand.… Continue reading Visual Principles
Question 1: How can we integrate technology into our teaching in the light of TPACK Model? Answer: The article begins with a brief introduction to the complex nature of teaching. TPACK framework is offered for teacher knowledge in detail, as a complex interaction among three bodies of knowledge: content, pedagogy, and technology. It is described… Continue reading Inroducing TPACK
1. Coherence Principle – People learn better when extraneous words, pictures and sounds are excluded rather than included. When we prepare a Powerpoint presentation, we should give the target information simply. We should avoid including some irrelevant pictures, sounds, or extra sentences (or words). 2. Signaling Principle – People learn better when cues that highlight… Continue reading 12 Principles of Multimedia Leaning, Richard E. Mayer
1. How is the term instructional media defined in this chapter? Why are teachers chalkboards, and textbooks excluded from the definition? The term instructional media has been defined as the physical means via which instruction is presented to learners (Reiser & Gagnt. 1983) Teachers chalkboards and textbooks were the three primary means of instruction before… Continue reading Reiser: History of Instructional Design and Technology
1. Describe the core elements (phases) of the instructional design process. There are five core elements (phrases) of the instructional design process. Analysis, design, develop, implement, and evaluation. (ADDIE) Analysis is often includes conducting a need assessment, identifying a performance problem in a bussiness setting or some other environment, and statng a goal. Design includes… Continue reading What Is Instructional Design?
There are many definitions of the term “technology”. Technology is a rational discipline designed to assure the mastery of man over physical nature, through the application of scientifically determined laws. There are considerable number of writings that discuss technological inventions that affect education. If we view the ecology of education as the web of relationships… Continue reading Technology and Education